Chickenpox and hand, foot and mouth ailment, both triggered by a viral infection, share some common traits and trigger the diagnostic disorder. But so many traits of the two ailments are remarkably different. The significant difference between chicken pox and hand foot and mouth ailment is the herpes virus triggers that chicken pox, whereas the picorna virus triggers hand, foot and mouth ailment. This writing highlights the disparity between chicken pox and hand, foot and mouth ailments with concern to the organism accountability, clinical image, intricacies, diagnosis, and treatment.
What is Chickenpox?
Chickenpox is triggered by varicella zoster which is a constituent of the herpes virus family and is accountable for this ailment. It is a DNA virus and possesses the capability to trigger latent infections. The ailment transmission is through respiratory droplets and immediate contact with the lesions. It is extremely contagious and harsher in adults, pregnant females, and immune-compromised individuals. The immunity accompanying this ailment is lifelong. Vesicular eruption starts following a gestation time of 14-21 days, usually on a mucosal exterior first and then quick dissemination in a centripetal diffusion primarily having to do with the trunk. The rash advances from small pink macules to vesicles and pustules within one day and then crust. However, the lesions show up to be in various phases of growth. The pocks become more external, and the blisters fall on puncture.
Also, the lesions are scratchy, and itching can result in secondary bacterial infection, the most familiar intricacies. Infrequent intricacies have to do with self-restricting cerebella ataxia, Reye’s syndrome, encephalitis, and varicella pneumonia, mostly in kids on aspirin. Medical professionals make the clinical diagnosis by the classic formation of the rash. Additionally, aspiration of the vesicular sap and PCR or tissue culture confirms the diagnosis. Acyclovir helps treat ailments, mainly if started within two days of the rash. However, live attenuated VZV is provided for highly susceptible communication.
What are Hand, Foot and Mouth?
Hand, foot and mouth ailments are systemic infections triggered by coxsackievirus A16, a constituent of the picornaviridae family. The ailment is relatively contagious. The ailment is transmitted through direct contact with an infected individual’s faeces, mucus, or saliva. It often influences kids and hardly adults. Mild fever and lymphadenopathy sickness occur after an incubation time of 10 days. After three days, a vesicular rash appears on the palmoplantar exteriors of the hand and feet with connected mouth lesions that ulcerate quickly. A papular erythematous rash may also appear on the buttocks and thighs.
wSeparating the virus or observing an increase in the titer of neutralizing antibodies assists in creating the diagnosis. The ailment is self-restricting and often settles within two weeks after it starts. In situations where the lesions are unbearable, analgesics can be administered. However, passive immunization is not suggested. The intricacies of the ailments are very infrequent and have to do with mild viral meningitis, paralysis, and as well encephalitis.
Difference Between Chickenpox and Hand, Foot & Mouth
- A herpes virus triggers Chickenpox, while a picorna virus triggers hand, foot and mouth ailments.
- The gestational period for chicken pox includes 14-21 days, while the gestational period for hand, foot and mouth includes ten days.
- In chicken pox, the lesions appear in the trunk, while in the hand, foot, and mouth, the lesions appear on the palmoplantar exteriors of the hand, feet, and connected mouth lesions.
- The treatment for chicken pox is often with acyclovir, while hand, foot and mouth are self-restricting.
- A useful vaccine is obtainable for chicken pox, while there is no vaccine for hand, foot and mouth.
- Chickenpox is highly contagious, while hand, foot and mouth are relatively contagious.