The significant difference between meningioma and glioma shows that meningioma is a tumour that begins from meninges encircling the brain and the spinal cord. Glioma, on the other hand, is a tumour that begins from glial cells in the spinal cord or in the brain. The primary nervous system involves the spinal cord and the brain. The brain comprises four primary portions: the cerebellum, cerebrum, brain stem, and meninges. The spinal cord possesses nerves that take information between the brain and the whole part of the body. Central nervous system cancer occurs when the wholesome spinal cord or brain cells modify and thrive out of control. Meningioma and glioma are two types of central nervous system tumours.
What is Meningioma?
Meningioma is a central nervous system tumour generated by meninges that encircle the brain and spinal cord. The membranous coatings that encircle the brain and spinal cord are described as meninges. Meningioma is the highest regular kind of tumour that develops in the head. A lot of situations of meningioma do not generate signs. However, periodically, symptoms such as dementia, seizures, difficulty talking, vision problems, feeling weak in one part of the body, absence of bladder control, loss of smell, loss of memory, and headaches may take place. The threat characteristics have to do with disclosure to ionizing radiation at the time of radiation treatment, obesity, female hormones, and neurofibromatosis type 2. Meningioma is usually very hard to diagnose since tumours grow slowly. The neurologist will perform a neurological test to diagnose meningioma, ensured by an imaging examination with a contrast dye. The imaging examination may have to do with CT scans and MRIs. A tissue biopsy can often be required to oversee other tumours kinds. Also, if the tumour has begun to develop too quickly, surgery will be needed as its treatment. If a little portion of the tumour sticks around after surgery, the doctor may prescribe stereotactic radiosurgery. If the surgery remains atypical after the surgery, the doctor may prescribe radiation treatment, including proton beam radiation, intensity-modulated radiation treatment, and fractionated radiotherapy. Chemotherapeutic medicines like hydroxyurea can also be helpful when dealing with meningioma.
What is Glioma?
Glioma is a central nervous system tumour that begins from the glial cells or the spinal cord. Glioma is a regular kind of brain and spinal cord tumour. It reports about 33 per cent of every brain tumour. Glioma grows from the cells that encircle and encourage neurons in the brain and spinal cord, which may include astrocytes, ependymal cells, and oligodendrocytes. Types of gliomas include astrocytoma, mixed glioma, optic pathway glioma, oligodendroglioma, and ependymoma. Common glioma symptoms may be personality modification, headaches, weakness in the leg, face, or arm, seizures, difficulty with speech, numbness, dizziness, loss of vision, nausea, and vomiting. Glioma is usually more likely to influence men than women and Caucasian regions more than African American regions. However, this medical disorder can be diagnosed using a physical test, brain scans, eye tests, neurological tests, and tissue biopsy. Treatment often involves radiation after surgery, surgery, and chemotherapy.
Difference Between Meningioma and Glioma
- Meningioma is a tumour that begins from the meninges that encircle the brain and the spinal cord. In contrast, a glioma is described as a tumour that begins from the glial cells in the spinal cord or brain.
- Meningioma is a common brain tumour compared to glioma.