The significant difference between mitosis and binary fission shows that mitosis is a kind of nuclear division that takes place in eukaryotic organisms to generate two comparable daughter cells from a parent cell, whereas binary fission is a kind of asexual reproduction or cell division that takes place in prokaryotic organisms to reproduce and expand their quantity. Every life formed by prokaryotes and eukaryotes requires some standards of increasing their core building division, “cell”, notwithstanding the intricacy of their cellular organization. Therefore, this procedure is essential for the development and regeneration of multicellular organisms and also for asexual reproduction in most unicellular organisms. Using this concern, the procedures of both mitosis and binary fission possess a similar result of generating two units from one. Hence, a careful, in-depth examination of the two processes shows the striking distinction between mitosis and binary fission.
What is Mitosis?
Mitosis is the method of creating two congenital identical diploid nuclei out of one nucleus in eukaryotic cells. At the end of this procedure, cytokinesis takes place. Cytokine is the procedure that separates the cell to become two cells by separating the cell organelles and cytoplasm. Mitosis and cytokinesis work together to compose the mitotic stage of the cell cycle. The cell formulates the copy of its chromosomes and hereditary material within the nuclei until before it goes through mitosis. Mitosis is a complicated procedure with many sub-phases based on the events inside the cell. During prophase, the first stage of mitosis, chromosomes condense, and a mitotic spindle made out of microtubules starts to show up, linking the opposite poles of the cells. After this, during prometaphase, the nuclear membrane fades off, and microtubular strands of the mitotic spindle connect themselves to every one of the chromatids at the centromere.
Accordingly, the chromosomes joined themselves in the metaphase plate, which is a plane perpendicular to the spindle at the centre of the cell in the metaphase. Sister chromatids get divided at the centromere in the anaphase, and the cell will have two copies of hereditary material divided. Telophase finalizes mitosis by reproducing nuclear membranes around every set of genetic material, generating two different nuclei. Finally, cytokinesis will generate two genetically comparable daughter cells.
What is Binary Fission?
Binary fission is described as a kind of asexual reproduction used by unicellular organs to expand and increase their generation. It creates genetically identical offspring from parents’ cells. As the name implies, from one cell, it creates two cells by separating the cells into two equal segments. Usually, prokaryotes, primarily bacteria, carry out binary fission and enhance their quantities quickly. At the start of binary fission, genetic materials replicate and become two. Then, every copy easily attaches to the cell membrane in two regions. Next, the cytoplasmic separation occurs by dividing the two copies, eventually leading to genetically identical, two-divided cells.
Difference Between Mitosis and Binary Fission
- Mitosis is a nuclear separation in multicellular eukaryotic organisms to generate two genetically identical daughter cells from a parent cell. Binary fission is a type of asexual reproduction or cell separation in unicellular prokaryotic organisms to increase their numbers.
- Mitosis takes place in multicellular eukaryotes. Binary fission takes place in unicellular prokaryotes.
- Mitosis is complex, whereas binary fission is simple.
- Mitosis has four primary stages: metaphase, anaphase, prophase, and telophase. Binary fission does not have any subphase.
- Mitosis takes place in 5 stages of interphase, but not at the time of nuclear separation. In contrast, binary fission takes place at the same time.
- Mitotic spindle formation takes place in mitosis, but it does not take place in binary fission.