The significant difference between trans fat and saturated fat is found in their description. Trans fat is described as a kind of unsaturated fat that possess double bonds between carbon molecules. Saturated fats are described as a kind of fat molecule that does not possess double bonds between carbon molecules. Lipids or fats are the fourth significant molecules available in plants and animals. They are necessary for the energy repository of both animal and plant bodies. However, the calories we can acquire from 1 gram of lipids are greater than the calories from 1 gram of carbohydrates. Naturally, fats are hydrophobic; therefore, they are water-insoluble. However, they can be removed from organic solvents, including benzene, chloroform, and ether. Lipid molecules are made up of alcohol molecules and fatty acids. Fatty acids commonly possess the formula for R-COOH; this R can be for hydrogen or alkyl groups, which may include C2H5, CH2, and more. Fatty acids may as well possess an even digit of carbon atoms. Many fatty acid chains can possess double bonds between the two carbon atoms. Therefore, the two kinds of fats have to do with saturated and unsaturated fats.
What is Trans Fat?
Trans fat or also called trans fatty acids, are a kind of unsaturated fats. Dehydrogenation is the procedure that results in trans fat. In the existence of a catalyst and hydrogen gas, trans fat develops when heating liquid vegetable oil. The cis composition of double bonds in fatty acids isomerizes into the trans composition by technological and microbiological methods. Hence, trans fat is unsaturated trans-isomer fatty acids. These are partly hydrogenated oil and hardly spoil, enhancing the shelf life. Hydrogenation changes oil into a solid form. When preparing food, primarily fast foods, partly hydrogenated fats can develop. As well, trans fat can generally take place in beef fats and dairy fats in ruminants in lesser amounts. Excess consumption of trans fat will level up the cholesterol level of the bloodstream. Therefore, trans fat can badly influence health more than saturated fats as saturated fats level up the LDL in the blood while reducing HDL, which is high-density lipoprotein.
What are Saturated Fats?
Saturated fats are kinds of fat that do not possess double bonds between atoms in the fatty acid chain. Hence, these molecules are completely decreased or saturated with hydrogen bonds. Biochemically, these are increasingly adaptable molecules that can possess multiple conformations possession free cycles within the C-C bonds. Some saturated fats involve lauric acid, myristic acid, palmitic acid, and more. Saturated fats are generally obtainable in animal derivatives, including eggs, meats, and dairy products, and in plant oils, which include palm and coconut oils. Saturated fats level up the LDL, which is the Low density of lipoproteins in the bloodstream which transport cholesterol from the liver to the entire body. Therefore, saturated fat consumption enhances several health disorders, including cardiovascular ailments.
Difference Between Trans Fat and Saturated Fats
Trans fats and saturated fats are not good fats. The significant difference between these two fats shows that trans fat has to do with double bonds between carbon atoms of their fatty acids chains, whereas saturated fats do not contain these double bonds. Trans fat is nasty since it increases the danger of heart ailment, strokes, and diabetes. Saturated fats also enhance the risks of heart ailment and strokes. Although trans fats are healthier than saturated fats, this is another significant difference between these two fats. Also, trans fat can be developed during food preparation, such as fast foods, whereas saturated fats can not be developed through such practices.