Brazil 1988 Constitution (reviewed 2017)

Table of Contents


We the representatives of the Brazilian People, convened the National Constituent Assembly, to institute a democratic state destined to ensure the exercise of social and individual rights, liberty, security, well-being, development, equality and justice as supreme values of a fraternal, pluralist and unprejudiced society, founded on social harmony and committed, in the domestic and international orders, to the peaceful solution of disputes, promulgate, under the protection of God, the following CONSTITUTION OF THE FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL.


Article 1

The Federative Republic of Brazil, formed by the indissoluble union of States and Counties (municípios), as well as the Federal District, is a Democratic State of Law founded upon:

  1. sovereignty;
  2. citizenship;
  3. human dignity;
  4. social values of work and free initiative;
  5. political pluralism.

Sole Paragraph

All power emanates from the people, who exercise it through elected representatives or directly, according to this Constitution.

Article 2

The branches of the Union are the Legislative, the Executive and the Judiciary, which are independent and harmonious with each other.

Article 3

The fundamental objectives of the Federative Republic of Brazil are:

  1. to build a free, just and unified society;
  2. to guarantee national development;
  3. to eradicate poverty and substandard living conditions and to reduce social and regional inequalities;
  4. to promote the well-being of all, without prejudice as to origin, race, sex, color, age and any other forms of discrimination.

Article 4

The international relations of the Federative Republic of Brazil are governed by the following principles:

  1. national independence;
  2. prevalence of human rights;
  3. self-determination of peoples;
  4. non-intervention;
  5. equality among States;
  6. defense of peace;
  7. peaceful solution of conflicts;
  8. repudiation of terrorism and racism;
  9. cooperation among people for the progress of humanity;
  10. concession of political asylum.

Sole Paragraph

The Federative Republic of Brazil shall seek the economic, political, social and cultural integration of the people of Latin America, with a view toward forming a Latin-American community of nations.

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