Difference Between HIV and AIDS

Difference Between HIV and AIDS

HIV and AIDS are dual inter-connected medical words. The disparity between the two words HIV and AIDS is that AIDS is an ailment described as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, which HIV triggers. HIV is described as human immunodeficiency virus. HIV kills the cells in the human body which fight infection, causing it to be not capable of withstanding infection; this ailment is described as AIDS. HIV and AIDS are not just two phrases. They possess the possibility to destroy the bedrock of humankind. HIV is the word used to describe the virus in the immune system of a healthful human and raids its T cells. HIV, contrary to other viruses, remains in the individual’s body for a very long time and triggers his immune system to become so fragile that it cannot battle other infections described as Ols. Whenever an individual contacts HIV, he becomes HIV positive and will be positive throughout his life. This is the phase when the count of CD4, or the white blood cells, reduces below 200, and the individual develops one or many regular infections, whereby his immune system can not fight it. This is the last phase of the ailment, and the individual is declared to suffer from aids.

What is HIV?

In medical words, HIV is described as a human immunodeficiency virus. It’s described as that since this virus strikes only humans and immunodeficiency since it strikes the healthful immune system and debilitates it until the person is unfit to fight off common infections. The healthy body possesses a structure of combating disease via white blood cells, symbolized through CD4 counts. This count is rated 600-1200 in a healthy individual. But HIV damages this immune structure, and when the CD4 count reduces lower than 200, the individual becomes incompetent to combat common infections. If an individual is HIV positive, it does not critically imply that he has AIDS. It has been scrutinized that it requires many years for HIV to advance to AIDS. Using medicine, HIV can be controlled. Individuals that are HIV positive can expect to live a healthful life for several years if cared for properly.

The Signs of HIV

  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Skin inflammation
  • Fever and headache
  • Pains in the joint and muscle
  • Sore throat

Triggers of HIV

HIV is an acquired virus; therefore, an individual can contract HIV via infected blood, vaginal fluids, or semen. This virus does not circulate via mere contact or kissing the infected person. Sharing of infected sharp objects such as needles or razors, having unprotected sex and infected mothers transferring the virus to the infant during pregnancy are the primary motives of HIV.

Therapy for HIV

Whenever HIV is diagnosed, it is dealt with a mixture of drugs described as a highly active antiretroviral antidote or HAART.

What are AIDs?

As earlier defined, the improved phase of HIV is described as AIDs. It is referred to as a syndrome, as an individual with AIDS can possess an extensive range of infections and several ailments. These are ailments that an individual grows to have over some time due to an advanced weakened immune structure. As the individual becomes very fragile, he acquires several infections an average healthy individual can easily fight off. In common terms, AIDS is described as a progressed phase of HIV. The opportunistic ailments which may affect an individual that is HIV positive usually include loss of memory, weight loss, tuberculosis, pneumonia, Kaposi sarcoma, and wasting syndrome. Tuberculosis requires much time to formulate, and an individual who is HIV positive may maintain good health for two to ten years before he becomes a complete condition of AIDS.

Difference Between HIV and AIDS

In medical phrases, HIV is described as Human Immunodeficiency Virus, which is what triggers AIDS. In common language, AIDS is described as the progressive phase of HIV.