Internet and intranet are two systems that facilitate digital communication, but their functions and access restrictions are different. Internet, which stands for interconnected network, is a global network system that communicates using the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP). The network is accessible to anyone with an internet connection. Unless restricted by paywalls or country-specific barriers, all content on the Internet is accessible to the public. This includes websites, emails, streaming services, cloud storage, etc.
Intranets, on the other hand, are private networks that are typically restricted to a specific organization or location. Despite using the same protocols as the Internet, access is limited to a particular group of users, typically business employees. Intranets serve as internal communication and collaboration instruments, permitting users to share documents, messages, and applications securely. In addition, they can provide access to organization-specific databases and resources. The Internet is a global, public network, whereas an intranet is a localized, private network with restricted access.
What is Intranet?
The term “intranet” refers to a private network used by an organization, often only accessible to the members of that organization. Intranets employ the same technologies and protocols as the Internet, such as TCP/IP and HTTP, but access is limited to that group of users. It’s like a private version of the Internet that’s made to meet the wants of a particular group. Intranets are usually used in companies to make it easier for employees to communicate with each other, work together, and share information. They give workers a safe place to communicate with each other through internal messaging or email systems, share documents, work together on projects, access internal or shared resources, and learn about important company news or updates.
Most of the time, these networks offer tools like calendars, directories, and HR resources. Sometimes, they can also host apps that help with project or customer relationship management. They can even have social features to get employees involved and talk to each other. Intranets are safer because they usually have firewalls that limit access and require users to log in with their passwords. This keeps private business information safe. In the end, an intranet is a powerful tool for businesses. It helps with communication, streamlines processes, builds teams, and keeps a strong company culture, all in a safe place.
What is the Internet?
The Internet, which stands for “interconnected network,” is a global computer network system that uses standard communication methods like TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) to connect devices worldwide. It comprises millions of local and global private, public, academic, business, and government networks linked by various electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet has a vast number of information tools and services. These include the interlinked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail, telephony, and file sharing. It lets people receive and share information worldwide, making it an excellent tool for communication, research, business, entertainment, and much more.
It’s autonomous, which means that no one person or group is in charge of the whole network. This structure has made it possible for online services and tools to grow and spread quickly. Even though the Internet is decentralized, its operation depends on centralized infrastructures like Internet Service Providers (ISPs), which help users connect to the Internet, and Domain Name Servers (DNS), which translate web addresses into the numerical IP addresses that computers use to get web pages. As a result, the Internet has drastically altered the nature of communication, making it instantaneous and available on a worldwide scale.
Difference Between Intranet and Internet
The Internet is a worldwide system of interconnected computer networks that anyone with access to the Internet can use to exchange information and communicate with others anywhere in the world. It’s a worldwide public network that spans oceans and borders. On the other hand, an intranet is a private network within a single institution and is only accessible to its members. It’s a safe place for employees to connect, share ideas, and work together on projects. While the Internet connects people worldwide, an intranet connects a smaller group in a closed system. We’ve outlined the primary differences between intranets and the Internet below.
Anyone with a computer and an internet connection can access the Internet, but only those granted access, such as company workers, can utilize an intranet.
While the Internet connects computers worldwide, an intranet serves a single company or department.
People worldwide use the Internet for various purposes, from socializing and learning to shopping and conducting business. However, an intranet’s primary function is facilitating internal communication and teamwork within an enterprise.
Intranets, private networks with limited access, are safer than the public Internet, which faces numerous cybersecurity risks.
Millions of people and organizations produce and curate material on the Internet. On the other hand, an intranet’s content is often handled in-house.
When information is shared within an intranet, it never leaves the company’s walls. Due to its open nature, the Internet is less private than other networks.
Data transfer rates on an intranet are typically higher due to their local nature. The quality of your connection and your physical distance from the server can significantly impact your Internet speed.
Multiple Internet service providers, subsea cables, satellites, and other sophisticated infrastructure pieces are essential to the smooth operation of the Internet. However, because an intranet is private and only accessible within a single company, it requires less complex hardware and software to set up.