Ischemic heart disease and myocardial infarction are both medical crisis heart situations. The primary difference between ischemic heart disease and myocardial infarction is that in ischemic heart disease, the heart is deprived of oxygen due to insufficient blood flow. In myocardial infarction, the muscles in the heart start to perish since it does not acquire enough blood supply. These two disorders can occur due to insufficient blood flow to the heart. Hence, these medical crises need to be treated by a professional heart surgeon via surgery as soon as possible.
What is Ischemic Heart Disease?
Ischemic heart disease is a heart situation whereby the heart is starved of the necessary oxygen level. This is a result of insufficient flow of blood to the heart. Often, this situation is because of the growth of plaque or fatty materials in the wall of one of the arteries, which offers blood to the heart muscle. As these plaques increase, it goes ahead to block the flow of blood, starving the heart of oxygen and nutrients. The familiar signs of ischemic heart disease have to do with angina or chest pain, palpitations, tiredness, sweating, and shortness of breath. Some individuals may acquire silent ischemic heart disease whereby they do not show any signs although they are starved of oxygen in the heart. However, ischemic heart disease can be diagnosed using physical tests, medical history, electrocardiogram, blood examination, echocardiogram, heart scan, stress examination, and cardiac catheterization. Also, treatment choices for ischemic heart disease may involve lifestyle modification, cardiac equipment, surgery, and medications.
What is Myocardial Infarction?
A myocardial infarction is familiarly described as a heart attack. It is an intensely hazardous heart situation. Myocardial infarction occurs due to the absence of blood flow to the heart muscles. Without the inflow of blood, the influenced heart muscle starts to perish. This situation can occur due to a stoppage in one of the vessels that provide blood to the heart because of atherosclerosis. In rare cases, it can also occur due to health situations such as coronary artery spasms, uncommon medical conditions, electrolyte imbalance, trauma, embolism, eating disruption, takotsubo, or stress cardiomyopathy. However, the signs of myocardial infarction include pains in the chest, insomnia, tiredness, shortness of breath, stomach disorder, nausea, heart vibrations, anxiety, sweating, and feeling lightheaded. Myocardial infarction can be diagnosed using an electrocardiogram, blood examination, medical history, echocardiogram, heart CT scan, angiogram, and nuclear heart scan. Also, the treatment choices for myocardial infarction include the supplementation of oxygen, percutaneous coronary intervention, and coronary artery bypass grafting.
Difference Between Ischemic Heart Disease and Myocardial Infarction
Ischemic heart disease is described as a medical crisis heart situation whereby the heart is deprived of oxygen as a result of insufficient blood provision. On the other hand, myocardial infarction is a medical crisis heart situation whereby the heart muscles start to perish due to insufficient blood supply.
Ischemic heart disease is triggered due to the stoppage of blood vessels of the heart caused by atherosclerosis. Myocardial infarction, on the other hand, is triggered due to the storage of the blood vessel in the heart because of atherosclerosis or health situations such as electrolyte imbalance, eating disorders, trauma, embolism, etc.