The significant difference between the liquid state and the gaseous state shows that the liquid state possesses more powerful intermolecular forces between molecules when it is described as a gaseous state. We may say that the gaseous state possesses reduced or no intermolecular forces. There are three primary states or stages of matter, which include the gas stage, the liquid stage, and then the solid stage. These stages of matter have differences between them, which also has to do with their appearance, natural properties, and chemical properties. In this article, we will examine the differences between liquid and gaseous states based on the featured properties.
What is Liquid State?
A liquid state is a form or stage of matter that possesses more powerful intermolecular forces between molecules than a gas and inefficient intermolecular forces than a solid. Although substantial intermolecular forces exist, a liquid does not possess a specific shape. It acquires the shape of the container where the liquid exists. This primarily due to the intermolecular forces between molecules are not powerful enough to maintain a specific shape. However, a liquid possesses a specific volume. The intermolecular spaces between liquid molecules are mild compared to gases and solids. However, intermolecular spaces give room for the molecules to change positions here and there. Furthermore, the compressibility of a liquid is almost hard. The configuration of molecules in a liquid is spontaneous, and the molecule configures sparsely. Beyond that, a liquid can drift from a higher to a decreased level. In specific, we cannot reserve a liquid without using a container. When we contemplate the molecular action, we have the Brownian action in a liquid.
What is Gaseous State?
A gaseous state is a form or stage of matter that possess ineffective or no intermolecular forces between molecules than that of a solid or a liquid. A gas has no shape; it just takes over the whole space inside the vessel where it exists. However, it possesses no specific volume. Furthermore, unlike liquids and solids, gas can smoothly be compressed. When we contemplate the format of a molecule in a gaseous form, the molecules form randomly and extremely sparsely than liquids. Particularly, substances in gaseous form possess substantially high fluidity, which causes them to be fit to flow in every direction. The gaseous form indicates free and random molecular actions. This is because of the availability of large intermolecular spaces between the molecules. In specific, substances in gaseous forms needs closed vessels for storage.
Difference Between Liquid State and Gaseous State
The liquid state is a form or stage of matter that possess more powerful intermolecular forces between molecules than that of a gas and inefficient intermolecular forces than that of a solid. A gaseous state, on the other hand, is a form or stage of matter that possess ineffective or no intermolecular forces between molecule than that of a solid or liquid. This is the significant difference between the liquid state and the gaseous state. Furthermore, there are other differences between the liquid and gaseous states, including their form, molecular action, fluidity, compressibility, volume, and more.