Difference Between Organic Farming and Conventional Farming

Difference Between Organic Farming and Conventional Farming

Before now, did you know that Conventional farming uses modern technology and synthetic inputs to maximise yields and profits, while organic farming is environmentally sustainable, socially responsible, and economically viable? Read on to know more about the differences.

What is Organic Farming?

Organic farming methods aim to minimise the negative impact of farming on the environment and promote sustainability. Organic farming relies on natural processes and ecological principles rather than synthetic inputs such as pesticides, fertilisers, and genetically modified organisms. Organic farming emphasises using natural materials, such as compost and cover crops, to maintain soil fertility, control pests, and manage weeds. It also strongly emphasises biodiversity and the conservation of natural resources, such as water and energy.

Organic farming generally involves crop rotation, natural pest control, and the avoidance of synthetic fertilisers, pesticides, and genetically modified organisms. Organic farmers also typically avoid using antibiotics and hormones in animal production. Organic farming practices are regulated by various national and international standards, which vary by country.

Organic farming has become increasingly popular in recent years as consumers have become more concerned about the impact of conventional agriculture on the environment and human health. Organic farming has been shown to promote soil health, biodiversity, and energy conservation and reduce exposure to pesticides and other potentially harmful chemicals.

What is Conventional Farming?

Conventional farming is a modern system of agriculture that uses industrial methods to produce crops and livestock. Conventional farming typically relies on large-scale, mechanised equipment and synthetic inputs such as pesticides, herbicides, and fertilisers to maximise crop yields and manage pests and weeds. It also frequently employs genetically modified organisms (GMOs) to increase crop resistance to pests and herbicides. Conventional farming aims to produce high yields of crops and livestock cost-efficiently. It relies heavily on monoculture, which is growing a single crop on a large area of land. This can lead to soil depletion, loss of biodiversity, and increased susceptibility to pests and diseases.

Conventional farming has been criticised for its negative environmental impact, including soil erosion, water pollution, and biodiversity loss. It has also been linked to health issues such as exposure to pesticides and antibiotic resistance in animals. Despite these criticisms, conventional farming remains the dominant form of agriculture in many parts of the world due to its ability to produce high yields and feed a growing global population.

Difference Between Organic Farming and Conventional Farming

Organic farming and conventional farming are two different approaches to agriculture. Here are some of the key differences between them:

Use of synthetic inputs

Conventional farming relies heavily on synthetic inputs such as pesticides, herbicides, and fertilisers. In contrast, organic farming prohibits the use of synthetic inputs and instead relies on natural methods of pest and weed control and nutrient management.

Soil health

Organic farming focuses on building and maintaining healthy soils through crop rotations, cover cropping, and composting, while conventional farming can lead to soil depletion, erosion, and loss of organic matter.

Environmental impact

Organic farming aims to minimise the impact of agriculture on the environment, while conventional farming can lead to water pollution, soil erosion, and loss of biodiversity.


Organic farming prohibits using genetically modified organisms (GMOs), while conventional farming often relies on GMO crops to increase yields and reduce the need for pesticides and herbicides.

Animal welfare

Organic farming emphasises the humane treatment of animals, including access to outdoor space and natural diets, while conventional farming often involves confinement and intensive feeding practices.