Difference Between Radioactivity and Radiation


The significant difference between radioactivity and radiation indicates that radioactivity is the procedure in which specific components discharge radiation. In contrast, radiation is the energy or energetic fragments discharged by radioactive elements. Radioactivity was a raw procedure, living in the macrocosm since time beyond memory. Therefore, it was an opportunity finding by Henry Becquerel in 1896 that the earth came to understand it. Also, the scientist Marie Curie clarified this notion in 1898 and gained a Nobel prize for her result. We describe the kind of radioactivity occurring on the planet on its own to be biological radioactivity, whereas that which human provokes is artificial radioactivity.

What is Radioactivity?

Radioactivity is described as the unexpected nuclear conversion that leads to the creation of new components. In other terms, radioactivity is the ability to discharge radiation. There are an enormous number of radioactive elements. In a typical atom, the nucleus is steady. Nonetheless, in the nuclei of radioactive components, there exists an inequality of neutrons to protons percentage; therefore, they are not steady. Accordingly, these nuclei will radiate particles for them to become persistent, and this procedure is radioactive erosion. Every radioactive component possesses a percentage of erosion, described as the half-life. Half-life informs the period that a radioactive part needs to reduce to one-half of its authentic amount. The outcoming conversions involve Alpha fragments radiation, beta particle radiation, and orbital electron capture. Alpha particles radiate from a nucleus of an atom by the time the neutron-to-proton percentage is too decreased. For instance, Th-228 is a radioactive component that can radiate alpha particles with various energies. When a beta particle radiates, a neutron inside a nucleus transforms into a proton by radiating a beta particle. P-32, H-3, and C-14 are refined beta radiators. The divisions, Becquerels, or Curie estimate radioactivity.

What is Radiation?

Radiation is the procedure in which surges or energy particles, including gamma rays, x-ray, and photons, journey via a means or space. The unsteady nuclei of radioactive components are attempting to become steady by radiating emission. Radiation is of two kinds, which are dissociating and non-dissociating radiation. Dissociating radiation possesses increased energy, and by the time it slams with an atom, that atom becomes dissociated, radiating a particle which is the electron or photons. The radiated photons or particles are radiation. The former emission will keep dissociating other substances until every energy is utilized. Non-dissociating radiation does not radiate particles from other substances, and this is because their energy is lesser. Hence, they maintain sufficient energy to pump up electrons from the ground status to elevated status. These electromagnetic radiation possess electric and magnetic area elements similar to every other and the surge propagation path: alpha radiation, beta radiation, gamma rays, X-rays, and dissociating emissions. Alpha particles possess an optimistic indictment parallel to the nucleus of a He atom. They can journey across a rapid distance of a few centimeters. Beta particles are similar to electrons in extent and indictment. They can travel a long space than the alpha particles. The gamma rays and the X-rays are known as photons and not particles. The gamma rays from the interior of a nucleus and X-rays build in an electron pellet of an atom. Some instances of non-dissociating radiation involve ultraviolet, microwave, and infrared, visual light.

Difference Between Radioactivity and Radiation

  • Radioactivity is described as the unexpected nuclear conversion that leads to the creation of new components. Radiation is when surges or energy particles journey via a means or distance.
  • Radioactivity is the procedure in which specific components discharge emissions. In radiation, energy or energetic particles are discharged by radioactive elements.
  • The nature of radioactivity is a procedure, while radiation is a state of energy.
  • The unit of estimation for radioactivity is Becquerel or Curie, while radiation includes electron volts (eV).