Social and cultural capital are two kinds of capital recognized by Pierre Bourdieu. Social capital is the resources acquired by becoming a component of a web of social relationships. Cultural capital is the social acquisitions that facilitate social mobility above financial standards. This is the primary difference between social and cultural capital.
What is Social Capital?
According to Pierre Bourdieu, social capital is the total of the actual or possible resources connected to the custody of a long-lasting network or more or less standardized associations of joint acquaintances and recognition. It is commonly described as the resources we acquire as a component of a network of social connections related to group membership. Based on Pierre Bourdieu, social capital is a thing that has to be obtained. The writer Lyda Hanifan explained social capital as those substantial acquisitions that estimate most in the day-to-day existence of individuals, which includes sympathy, goodwill, fellowship, and social interaction among the people and families who are components of a social division. As stated above, there are different descriptions of social capital. However, there are many arguments over the different kinds of social capital. The below three classes are approved as sub-kinds of social capital.
This concerns links that go above a general or shared understanding of individuality. These have to do with distant companions and colleagues.
This has to do with bonds between individuals based on a general identity. Instances have to do with close pals, family members, or individuals who are components of the same ethnicity, religion, or more.
This connects to individuals beyond up or lower down the social ladder.
What is Cultural Capital?
Cultural capital is a sociological notion initially presented by the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu. Cultural capital involves non-monetary social acquisitions that enhance social mobility above financial standards. This has to do with forms of mastery, education, understanding, and benefits an individual maintains, which offers him an elevated status in the community. Pierre Bourdieu also asserted that cultural capital is proportional to financial capital; individuals can acquire more cultural capital when their parents maintain additional cultural capital. Pierre Bourdieu also suggested three sub-kinds of cultural capital, which have to do with objectified, embodied, and institutionalized.
This kind of cultural capital has to do with material things, which have to do with works of art and clothes.
This cultural capital involves the understanding and mastery we obtain over time, education, and socialization that lives with us.
This has to do with institutional approval or commendation in the method of educational qualification and certificates.
Difference Between Social Capital and Cultural Capital
- Social capital is the resources achieved from being a member of a network of social connections. Cultural capital is social acquisitions that facilitate social mobility above financial standards.
- Social capital is not connected to financial capital. Cultural capital is proportionate to financial capital.
- Social capital has to do with bridges, bonds, and linkages. Cultural capital has to do with objectified, embodied, and institutionalized capital.