Sunscreen shields the skin from the damaging effects of ultraviolet radiation, whereas moisturiser replenishes and nourishes the skin by providing hydration.
What is Sunscreen?
Sunscreen is a topical product that protects the skin from the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) radiation. It is typically composed of chemical and/or physical filters that absorb or reflect the sun’s rays, preventing them from penetrating the skin. UV radiation can cause various skin problems, including sunburn, premature ageing, and an increased risk of skin cancer. By reducing the amount of UV radiation that reaches the skin, sunscreen can help to mitigate these effects.
Sunscreen comes in various forms, including lotions, creams, sprays, and gels. Sunscreen should be applied to all exposed skin 15 minutes before sun exposure and reapplied every two hours or after swimming or sweating. When selecting a sunscreen, consider the sun protection factor (SPF), which indicates the level of protection provided against UVB radiation. Higher SPF values offer more protection, but it is important to note that no sunscreen can provide 100% UV protection.
What is Moisturiser?
A skincare product known as a moisturiser has been formulated to prevent moisture loss by creating a barrier, thereby hydrating and safeguarding the skin. The formulation usually comprises a blend of emollients, humectants, and occlusives that synergistically regulate the skin’s natural moisture levels and enhance its general texture and aesthetic appeal. Emollients are a type of component that aids in skin smoothing and softening by bridging the gaps between the cells of the skin. In contrast, humectants are constituents that possess the ability to allure and retain moisture, thereby assisting in the maintenance of skin hydration. Occlusives are substances that establish a tangible obstruction on the epidermis, impeding the evaporation of moisture and retaining hydration.
Moisturisers universally apply to all skin types, emphasising their significance for individuals with dry or sensitive skin. Topical applications have the potential to mitigate manifestations of xerosis, such as pruritus and desquamation, while concurrently enhancing the aesthetic presentation of fine rhytids and furrows. Various moisturising products, such as creams, lotions, gels, and ointments, are currently available. Certain moisturisers may comprise supplementary constituents, such as antioxidants or sun protection factors (SPF), to furnish additional advantages. In reality, moisturiser is crucial in maintaining a sound skincare regimen. Preserving the skin’s natural moisture levels can enhance the skin’s general well-being and aesthetic appeal whilst concurrently providing protection against environmental stressors and other detrimental agents that may compromise the skin’s integrity.
Difference Between Sunscreen and Moisturiser
Sunscreen and moisturisers are different skin care products that serve different functions. Sunscreen is a specially formulated product that protects the skin against the harmful effects of ultraviolet (UV) radiation emitted by the sun. The product comprises certain components that function as a physical or chemical barrier to obstruct or soak up harmful UV rays. These rays can cause sunburn and untimely ageing and elevate the possibility of skin cancer.
Moisturiser is a cosmetic product formulated to provide hydration and nourishment to the skin. The product comprises components that aid in retaining moisture in the skin, such as humectants and occlusives. It can also enhance the skin’s overall texture and appearance. Moisturisers may contain minimal sunscreen but are not formulated to offer the same protection as a specialised sunscreen product. To safeguard the skin from harmful UV radiation, it is crucial to utilise a particular sunscreen product with a minimum Sun Protection Factor (SPF) of 30. To maintain healthy skin, it is essential to understand that sunscreen and moisturiser serve distinct purposes and should be used together for optimal skincare benefits.