CHAPTER I THE KINGDOM AND ITS CONSTITUTION 1. The Kingdom and its territory 2. The Constitution 3. Official languages, National Seal, etc CHAPTER II. PROTECTION OF FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS 4. Fundamental human rights and freedoms 5. Right to life 6. Right to personal liberty 7. Freedom of movement 8. Freedom from inhuman treatment 9. Freedom from slavery and forced labour 10. Freedom from arbitrary search or entry 11. Right to respect for private and family life 12. Right to fair trial, etc 13. Freedom of conscience 14. Freedom of expression 15. Freedom of peaceful assembly 16. Freedom of association 17. Freedom from arbitrary seizure of property 18. Freedom from discrimination 19. Right to equality before the law and the equal protection of the law 20. Right to participate in government 21. Derogation from fundamental human rights and freedoms 22. Enforcement of protective provisions 23. Declaration of emergency 24. Interpretation and savings CHAPTER III. PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY 25. Application of the principles of State policy 26. Equality and justice 27. Protection of health 28. Provision for education 29. Opportunity to work 30. Just and favourable conditions of work 31. Protection of workers’ rights and interests 31A. Protection of victims of crime 32. Protection of children and young persons 33. Rehabilitation, training and social resettlement of disabled persons 34. Economic opportunities 35. Participation in cultural activities 36. Protection of the Environment CHAPTER IV. CITIZENSHIP 37. Persons who are citizens on the coming into operation of the Constitution 38. Persons born in Lesotho after the coming into operation of the Constitution 39. Persons born outside Lesotho after the coming into operation of the Constitution 40. Marriage to Lesotho citizen 41. Dual citizenship 41A. Restoration of Lesotho citizenship 42. Powers of Parliament 43. Interpretation CHAPTER V. THE KING 44. The Office of King 45. Succession to the throne of Lesotho 46. The Regent 47. Proceedings in High Court and Court of Appeal 48. Civil List of the King and remuneration of Regent 49. Immunity of the King and Regent from taxation 50. Protection of the King and of certain persons in respect of legal proceedings 51. Oaths 52. Abdication 53. Vacation of the office of King CHAPTER VI. PARLIAMENT Part 1. Composition of Parliament 54. Establishment of Parliament 55. Composition of Senate 56. Composition of National Assembly 57. Elections to National Assembly 58. Qualifications for membership of Parliament 59. Disqualifications for membership of Parliament 60. Tenure of seats of members of Parliament 61. President of Senate 62. Vice-President of Senate 63. Speaker of National Assembly 64. Deputy Speaker of National Assembly 65. Clerks to Houses of Parliament and their staffs 66. Independent Electoral Commission 66A. Powers, duties and functions of Electoral Commission 66B. Decisions of Commission 66C. Independence of Commission 66D. Funds and expenses of Commission 67. Delimitation of Constituencies 69. Decision of questions as to membership of Parliament Part 2. Legislation and Procedure in Parliament 70. Power to make laws 71. Oath to be taken by members of Parliament 72. Presiding in Senate 73. Presiding in National Assembly 74. Quorum in the Houses of Parliament 75. Voting in Parliament 76. Right of Ministers, Deputy Ministers and the Attorney-General to address either House, etc. 77. Unqualified persons sitting or voting 78. Mode of exercise of legislative power 79. Restrictions with regard to certain financial measures 80. Limitation of powers of Senate 81. Regulation of procedure in Parliament etc Part 3. Summoning, Prorogation and Dissolution 82. Sessions of Parliament, etc 83. Prorogation and dissolution of Parliament 84. General elections 84A. Power of Parliament to enact further provisions 84B. Referendum CHAPTER VII. ALTERATION OF CONSTITUTION 85. Alteration of Constitution CHAPTER VIII. THE EXECUTIVE 86. Executive authority of Lesotho 87. Ministers of Government of Lesotho 88. Cabinet 89. Allocation of portfolios to Ministers 90. Exercise of Prime Minister’s functions during absence, being on leave or illness 91. Exercise of the King’s functions 92. The King’s right to be consulted and informed concerning matters of government 93. Deputy Ministers 94. Oath to be taken by Ministers and Deputy Ministers 95. The Council of State 96. Principal Secretaries 97. Government Secretary 98. Attorney-General 99. Director of Public Prosecutions 100. Constitution of offices 101. Prerogative of Mercy 102. Pardons Committee on Prerogative of Mercy 103. Chiefs 104. College of Chiefs 105. National Advisory Planning Board 106. Local authorities CHAPTER IX. LAND 107. Land vested in Basotho Nation 108. Power to allocate land, etc. vested in the King in trust for Basotho Nation 109. Laws regulating principles on which land may be allocated, etc CHAPTER X. FINANCE 110. Consolidated Fund 111. Withdrawals from Consolidated Fund or other public funds 112. Authorisation of expenditure from Consolidated Fund by appropriation 113. Authorisation of expenditure in advance of appropriation 114. Contingencies Fund 115. Remuneration of certain officers 116. Public debt 117. Auditor-General CHAPTER XI. THE JUDICATURE Part 1. The Judiciary 118. The Judiciary Part 2. The High Court 119. Establishment of High Court 120. Appointment of judges of High Court 3 121. Tenure of office of Chief Justice and other judges of High Court 122. Oath by judges of High Court Part 3. The Court of Appeal 123. Establishment of Court of Appeal 124. Appointment of judges of Court of Appeal 3 125. Tenure of office of appointed judges of Court of Appeal 126. Oath by judges of Court of Appeal Part 4. Subordinate Courts, Courts-Martial and Tribunals 127. Establishment of other courts and Tribunals 128. Reference to High Court in cases in subordinate courts etc. involving interpretation of Constitution Part 5. Appeals and Rules 129. Appeals to the Court of Appeal 130. Appeals to the High Court 131. Rules of Court Part 6. Judicial Service Commission 132. Judicial Service Commission 133. Appointment, etc. of judicial officers CHAPTER XIA. HUMAN RIGHTS COMMISSION 133A. Establishment of the Human Rights Commission 133B. Composition 133C. Qualification for appointment 133D. Tenure of office 133E. Removal from office 133F. Functions of the Commission 133G. Assistance to the Commission 133H. Annual report of the Commission CHAPTER XII. THE OMBUDSMAN 134. The Ombudsman 135. Functions of Ombudsman CHAPTER XIII. THE PUBLIC SERVICE 136. Public Service Commission 137. Appointment, etc. of public officers 139. Principal Secretaries and Government Secretary 140. Attorney-General 2 141. Director of Public Prosecutions 1 142. Auditor-General 143. Principal representatives of Lesotho abroad 144. Teaching Service 145. Defence Force 146. Courts-Martial Appeal Court 147. Police Service 148. National Security Service 149. Lesotho Correctional Service 150. Pensions laws and protection of pension rights 151. Power to withhold pensions, etc CHAPTER XIV. MISCELLANEOUS 152. Resignations 153. Re-appointments and concurrent appointments 154. Interpretation 155. Construction of Constitution CHAPTER XV. TRANSITIONAL AND TEMPORARY PROVISIONS 156. Existing law and related matters 157. The King and the Regent 158. Prime Minister 159. The Assembly 160. Rules of Procedure of Parliament 161. High Court 162. Court of Appeal 163. Existing public officers 164. Salaries charged on the Consolidated Fund 165. Declaration of public emergency 166. Repeals
CHAPTER I THE KINGDOM AND ITS CONSTITUTION
1. The Kingdom and its territory
Lesotho shall be a sovereign democratic kingdom.
The territory of Lesotho shall comprise all the areas that immediately before 4th October 1966 were comprised in the former Colony of Basutoland together with such other areas as may from time to time be declared by an Act of Parliament to form part of Lesotho.
2. The Constitution
This Constitution is the supreme law of Lesotho and if any other law is inconsistent with this Constitution, that other law shall, to the extent of the inconsistency, be void.
3. Official languages, National Seal, etc
The official languages of Lesotho shall be Sesotho and English and, accordingly, no instrument or transaction shall be invalid by reason only that it is expressed or conducted in one of those languages.
Subject to the provisions of this section, the National Seal of Lesotho shall be such device, and the national anthem and national flag shall be such anthem and flag, as the case may be, as may be prescribed by or under an Act of Parliament.
A bill for an Act of Parliament for the purposes of this section shall not be presented to the King for assent unless it is supported at the final voting in the National Assembly by the votes of no less than two-thirds of all the members of the National Assembly.