The significant difference between eutrophication and succession indicates that eutrophication occurs in an aquatic body, while succession occurs in any habitat. Eutrophication and succession are slow modifications that occur in the surrounding. They are essential procedures caused by both physical and unnatural materials or events that individuals cannot halt when it has taken place. Eutrophication triggers water putrefaction, therefore, influences the aquatic flora and fauna. Whenever eutrophication occurs, it decreases the light penetration, levels up the natural oxygen request, and reduces oxygen dissolution. On the contrary, succession triggers to produce a society over time.
What is Eutrophication?
Eutrophication started from the Greek phrase, eutrophic, and the German phrase “eutrophic,” which is described as adequate nutrition, growth, and wholesome. Eutrophication occurs due to the proliferation of physical or synthetic materials, which includes phosphates and nitrates, via sewage or fertilizers, in an aquatic structure. However, this is where the maximum elevation or blossom of phytoplankton is in the water body. Due to this, the water shows up in green coloration in a eutrophic water body. In this situation, as the algae develop massively, it obstructs the infiltration of sunlight to the grounds of the water bodies. And therefore, this results in the extinction of various plants, including algae, because of insufficient sunlight for photosynthesis. Eventually, microorganisms function on the dead organic material in the water body, and however, the natural oxygen request levels up. Also, at the time of microbial decomposition, various toxic matter, which includes gasses discharged into the air. Due to this, the eutrophic lakes released harmful smells triggering environmental putrefaction. Outside this, the other bad influence is the shortage of oxygen available in water and the reduction of the animal population, which also has to do with certain fishes.
What is Succession?
Succession concerns low or increased orderly and predictable modification in an ecological society’s system or arrangement format. And this mainly takes place by the appearance of a new, unoccupied region or from a particular disturbance such as fire, wind, etc. Apart from this, succession possesses two kinds, which include primary succession and secondary succession. When it concerns primary succession, a habitat colonizes for the first time. In contrast, in secondary succession, a past engaged habitat colonizes too after a disruption or harm. Also, fast-developing and properly distributed species will monopolize in primary succession, whereas excessively competitive species will monopolize in secondary succession. In this conduct, succession will advance from a society with a reduced species variety to a society with increased species variety.
Difference Between Eutrophication and Succession
Eutrophication is the procedure of too much algal development in a water body due to the proliferation of nutrients, including phosphate and nitrates. On the other hand, succession is a physical procedure that has to do with the slow modification of the species in a society. The primary difference between eutrophication and succession indicates that eutrophication occurs in an aquatic environment while succession occurs in any habitat. However, eutrophication can occur due to physical triggers, which may include runoff of nutrition from the earth and weathering of rocks, or as a result of synthetic triggers or artificial triggers, which include the release of detergents that consist of phosphate. While for succession, the triggers are primarily biological events such as erosion, catastrophic aspects, and more. However, the events’ triggers also differ between eutrophication and succession. Also, one other distinction between eutrophication and succession is the result. This means eutrophication can trigger cessation and undernutrition in most animals. However, succession produces new colonies, and the modification is pronounced. However, when eutrophication worsens, it can dramatically reduce the presence of some species, whereas succession can offer another animal refuge from the previous colony. Besides, eutrophication occurs gradually, and it is often highly late for humans to do anything concerning it.