We, the people of Iceland, wish to create a just society with equal opportunities for everyone. Our different origins enrich the whole, and together we are responsible for the heritage of the generations, the land and history, nature, language and culture.
Iceland is a free and sovereign state, resting on the cornerstones of freedom, equality, democracy and human rights.
The government shall work for the welfare of the inhabitants of the country, strengthen their culture and respect the diversity of human life, the land and the biosphere.
We wish to promote peace, security, well-being and happiness among ourselves and future generations. We resolve to work with other nations in the interests of peace and respect for the Earth and all Mankind.
In this light we are adopting a new Constitution, the supreme law of the land, to be observed by all.
Chapter I. Foundations
Article 1. Form of government
Iceland is a Republic governed by parliamentary democracy.
Article 2. Branches of government
The Althing holds legislative powers under a mandate from the nation.
The President of the Republic, Cabinet Ministers and the State government and other government authorities hold executive powers.
The Supreme Court of Iceland and other courts of law hold judicial powers.
Article 3. Territory
The Icelandic territorial land forms a single and indivisible whole. The boundaries of the Icelandic territorial sea, airspace and economic jurisdiction shall be decided by law.
Article 4. Citizenship
Persons with a parent of Icelandic nationality shall have the right to Icelandic citizenship. In other respects, citizenship shall be granted in accordance with law.
No one may be deprived of Icelandic citizenship.
An Icelandic citizen cannot be barred from entering Iceland nor deported from Iceland. The rights of aliens to enter and reside in Iceland, and the reasons for which they may be deported, shall be laid down by law.
Article 5. Duties of citizens
The government is required to ensure that everyone has the opportunity to enjoy the rights and freedoms provided for in this Constitution.
Everyone shall observe this Constitution in all respects, as well as legislation, obligations and rights that derive from the Constitution.