Insulin resistance and prediabetes are two disorders connected with diabetes. The primary difference between insulin resistance and prediabetes shows that insulin resistance is a disorder in which the cells in the muscles, liver, and fats do not react to the insulin that controls blood glucose sugar levels. In contrast, prediabetes is a disorder in which the blood sugar level is more elevated than the regular but not yet increased enough to be analyzed as type 2 diabetes. Insulin resistance occurs when cells do not react to insulin adequately. The human body will attempt to cover up for insulin resistance. Although, as time goes on, the pancreas may no longer be fit to create sufficient insulin to take over insulin resistance. This will result in prediabetes and type 2 diabetes.
What is Insulin Resistance?
Insulin resistance occurs when the cells do not react adequately to insulin. Insulin resistance can be for a short-term or chronic disorder. Adding to prediabetes and type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance is also connected with many other disorders such as obesity, cardiovascular ailment, non-alcoholic fatty liver ailment, polycystic ovary syndrome, and metabolic syndrome. Insulin resistance can be triggered by developed factors which may be too much body fat, physical incapacity, diet, and specific drugs, hormonal conditions such as hypothyroidism, Cushing’s syndrome, and acromegaly, and genetic disorders such as type A insulin resistance syndrome, Donohue syndrome, Rabson Mendenhall syndrome. The indications of insulin resistance have to do with increased thirst, urinating often, boosted hunger, problems with sight, vaginal and skin disease, headache, gradual healing of cuts and soles, dark skin in the armpit, or sides of the neck, eye modification, and skin tags resulting to diabetes connected retinopathy. However, insulin resistance can be analyzed using medical records, family records, physical tests, and blood examinations such as glucose tolerance exams, glycated haemoglobin A1c, and lipid boards. Also, treatment choices for insulin resistance may have to do with the intake of a healthy diet, loss of too much weight, physical activities, and drugs for coexisting disorders, such as blood pressure and metformin for diabetes.
What are Prediabetes?
Prediabetes is a medical disorder in which the blood sugar level is elevated than regular but not yet increased enough to be analyzed as type 2 diabetes. As such, prediabetes is a notification indication of type 2 diabetes. This disorder influences 1 out of 10 American adults. Prediabetes does not usually possess any symptoms or signs unless for dark skin on specific regions of the body, which also has to do with the neck, armpit, and groin. Hence, when it grows to type 2 diabetes, the indications and signs may be boosted thirst, urinating often, increased hunger, tiredness, difficulty with sight, frequent disease, numbness, gradual healing sores, and unexpected weight loss.
Moreover, the particular trigger of diabetes is not discovered, but family records and hereditary may show up as primary factors. Prediabetes can be diagnosed using blood examination, which may include a glycated haemoglobin examination, fasting blood sugar examination, oral glucose tolerance examination, and prediabetes exam for young ones. Also, treatment choices for prediabetes may have to do with the intake of healthy foods, being extremely active, loss of too much weight, quitting smoking, and intake of drugs,
Difference Between Insulin Resistance and Prediabetes
- Insulin resistance is a disorder in which the muscles, fats, and liver cells do not react to insulin, which controls blood glucose sugar levels. In contrast, prediabetes is described as a disorder in which the blood sugar level is increased regularly but not so increased enough to be analyzed as type 2 diabetes.
- Insulin resistance can be triggered by obtained factors too much body fat, physical incapability, diet, and specific drugs, hormonal conditions such as Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism, and acromegaly, and hereditary disorders such as type A insulin resistance syndrome, Donohue syndrome, and Rabson Mendenhall syndrome. Family records or genetic records can trigger prediabetes.