CHAPTER 5. Constitutional Court
A Constitutional Court shall be established – by a law – the headquarters of which shall be in the Capital; shall be considered as an independent and separate judicial body; and shall be composed of nine members at least inclusive of the President, to be appointed by the King.
- The term of membership in the Constitutional Court shall be six years non-renewable.
- The Constitutional Court shall have the competence of oversight on the constitutionality of the applicable laws and regulations and its judgments shall be issued in the name of the King; its judgments shall be final and binding on all authorities and on all; its judgments shall as well be effective immediately unless the judgment specifies another date for its effectiveness; the judgments of the Constitutional Court shall be published in the Official Gazette within fifteen days of the date of their issuance.
- The Constitutional Court shall have the right to interpret the provisions of the Constitution if such is requested therefrom by a decision issued by the Council of Ministers or by a decision taken by either House of the Parliament by majority; its decision shall be effective after its publication in the Official Gazette.
The following entities – for limitation – shall the right to directly challenge at the Constitutional Court the constitutionality of the applicable laws and regulations:
- The Senate.
- The House of Representatives.
- The Council of Ministers.
- In the case viewed by courts, any of the parties of the case may raise the issue of the non-constitutionality; the court shall – if it finds that the plea is serious – refer it to the court specified by the law for the purposes of the determination of its referral to the Constitutional Court.
- A member of the Constitutional Court shall meet the following conditions:
- To be Jordanian and does not hold the nationality of another state.
- To have reached fifty years of age.
- To be of those who served as judges in the Court of Cassation and the High Court of Justice, or of the professors of law in universities who hold the rank of professor ; or of the lawyers who spent a period of not less than fifteen years in the practice of law; and of the specialists to whom the conditions of membership in the Senate apply.
- The President and Members of the Constitutional Court shall prior to assuming their functions take – before the King – an oath the text of which is:”I swear by Almighty God to be loyal to the King and the country, to uphold the Constitution, to serve the Nation, and to honestly perform the duties entrusted to me”.
- The law shall specify the work method of the Court; its administration; the manner of appeal before it; and all the affairs related thereto and to its procedures, judgments and decisions; it shall assume its functions after the law related thereto comes into effect; the law shall indicate the rights of its members and their immunity.